Wanting to look young is something people have been done for centuries. Many men and women alike are turning to nonsurgical options for facial rejuvenation. Find out more about the top nonsurgical facial rejuvenation procedures.
Fractional CO2 Laser Skin Resurfacing
According to skincare specialists, fractional CO2 laser skin resurfacing is an anti-aging breakthrough. This skin-resurfacing treatment combines the effectiveness of carbon dioxide (CO2) lasers with a new application technique to remove wrinkles and lines. With aging, the skin loses collagen, which is the main protein in connective tissue that keeps the skin line-free and plump. The laser uses tiny beams of energy light to bore microscopic holes in the skin. This stimulates natural collagen production of the skin. For best results, it may take 2 treatments, and downtime is 3-5 days.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved five dermal fillers for wrinkle treatment: Perlane, Artefill, Restylane, Juvederm, and Radisse. Each dermal filler uses a slightly different substance to treat facial wrinkles. These dermal fillers all contain hyaluronic acid, which interferes with collagen breakdown. Most dermal fillers last for up to one year (or longer), but Artefill offers permanent results. In a recent study of dermal fillers, patients reported a 96.5% success rate were satisfied with the aesthetic outcome at 3 weeks, and 93% were still happy with results at 6 months.
Peptides are small proteins that stimulate the production of collagen. Matrixyl (palmitoyle pentapeptide-3) is one peptide that has shown ability to stimulate collagen in clinical studies, and Argireline (acetyl hexapeptide-3) produces a mild, Botox-like effect by inhibiting the release of neurotransmitters that prevent facial muscle wrinkling. Many newer peptide formulations function like growth factors, stimulating quick skin cell turnover.
Topical retinoids are derived from vitamin A. These products work by increasing collagen and decreasing breakdown of existing collagen. Two name brands are Retin A and Renova, which can be obtained by prescription, or are available over-the-counter in weaker forms.
Intense pulsed light (IPL) is a facial rejuvenation treatment used to addressing the effects of aging, heredity, and sun damage on facial skin. Freckles, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, facial veins, and enlarged pores can be eliminated with IPL treatments, and there is no downtime after the procedure. In a recent study on the clinical effectiveness of IPL for age and sun spots, patients enjoyed an 85% success rate with this treatment.
Laser skin resurfacing uses laser beams to remove the outer skin layers that are unevenly pigmented or damaged. The procedure also will reduce and eliminate fine lines and wrinkles of the neck and face, leaving a smooth, fresher, and more evenly colored complexion. Laser treatment also tightens the skin and stimulates collagen production.
Known as the lunchtime facial, microdermabrasion is an effective means of removing age spots and mild acne scars. A small diamond-encrusted wand tip is moved gently across the skin, and the machine uses suction to move skin cells away from the face. For optimal results, you may need 3-5 treatment sessions.
Because lip color fades, eyebrows thin, and lash length decreases, permanent cosmetics can be used for facial rejuvenation. This involves micropigmentation, which is intradermal implantation of pigment (cosmetic tattoo). The eyeliner enhances the natural lash line, whereas the brow procedure can add fullness and color to faded, sparse brows. Lips lose volume and color with age, and permanent lip color can redefine the lips, making them look fuller and brighter.
Thermage is a non-exfoliating technique designed to tighten and improve the contours of the neck and face. This is achieved using a radiofrequency device. A small wand is moved over the facial skin, and controlled radio waves heat the deeper skin layers to stimulate new collagen development. This results in smoother, tighter skin. In a study involving 45 women, radiofrequency skin tightening yielded a 91% success rate, with most all patients reporting they were satisfied with the procedure.
Jaffary F, Nilforoushzadeh MA, & Zarkoob H (2013). Patient satisfaction and efficacy of accent radiofrequency for facial skin wrinkle reduction. J Res Med Sci, 18(11), 970-975.
Molina B, David M, Jain R, et al. (2015). Patient Satisfaction and Efficacy of Full-Facial Rejuvenation Using a Combination of Botulinum Toxin Type A and Hyaluronic Acid Filler. Dermatol Surg, 41(Suppl1), 325-332.
Sasaya H, Kawada A, Wada T, et al. (2011). Clinical effectiveness of intense pulsed light therapy for solar lentigines of the hands. Dermatol Ther, 24(6), 584-586.