28 Jun Deep Pore Cleansing Facial
A deep pore cleansing facial removes excess sebum (oil) that is embedded deep in the skin’s pores. Closed comedones (blackheads) and open comedones (whiteheads) can be difficult and stubborn to remove. For dis-incrustation and ionic iontophoresis, the deep pore cleansing facial uses galvanic current.
What is dis-incrustation?
Dis-incrustation involves use of an electro-positive or acid-based solution, which is placed on the surface of the skin. The solution is formulated to remain on the surface and not absorb into the skin. The client holds a positive polar electrode while the esthetician makes contact with the dis-incrustation probe (set on negative).
The opposing poles create a chemical reaction that transforms the skin’s oil into a soapy mixture (in a process called saponification). The electrical current interacts with the skin’s salts (sodium chloride). The soapy substance then dissolves the oil that clogs the pores. A suction probe is then used to extract the blackheads and whiteheads.
What is iontophoresis?
Iontophoresis is the introduction of ions to the skin. This procedure allows the esthetician to penetrate and/or transfer ions of applied solution to the deep skin layers by way of galvanic current. The current flows through a conductive solution by means of ionization (use of negative and positive polarities). The benefits of iontophoresis is that it causes an acid or alkaline reaction, which stimulates nerve endings, increases blood circulation, and allows skincare products to penetrate the skin.
What devices are used with the deep pore cleansing facial?
Depending on your skincare needs, the esthetician can use a variety of devices during the deep pore cleansing facial. These include:
- Amplifying lamp – This consists of a soft light and optical lens that come off the cold lamp tube. This device is used for observation, so the esthetician can see black spots and acne more readily.
- Wood’s lamp – This special ultra-violet amplifying lamp is used to reveal abnormal skin conditions that the human eye cannot see.
- Ozone atomization steamer – This device has excellent atomizing ability that uses a small amount of water and sterilized steam. The purpose of this device is to soften and open the skin’s pores.
- Galvanic instrument – This is an electrical roller that opens pores for easy comedone extraction. In addition, water soluble products can nourish and moisturize the skin as well as fade age spots.
- Microdermabrasion – The device is encrusted with diamond or crystal chips, which are used to remove the top layers of the skin. This reveals new, soft skin underneath and promotes collagen production.
Who needs a deep pore cleansing facial?
The deep pore cleansing facial is for anyone prone to blackheads and clogged pores. This treatment involves extracting comedones that could lead to infection, acne, or scarring. The facial is recommended for oily and combination skin types.
What is exfoliation?
In order for the deep pore cleansing facial to be effective, there should be some type of exfoliation. The exfoliation process removes dead skin cells and softens clogged pores. This will make extractions easier and freshen the complexion.
What is extraction?
The extraction process involves removal blackheads and whiteheads, which are blocked pores. This is done using a special tool with a wire loop on the end. The esthetician will attempt to extract the pimples so that bacteria and infection does not cause skin problems.