Skin aging is a complex process influenced by biological, endogenous, and exogenous factors. Over time, and with sun damage, skin develops fine lines, wrinkles, age spots, and imperfections. There are a variety of preventive, cosmetological, and therapeutic anti-aging procedures that can turn back the hands of time.
According to the American Society of Aesthetics Plastic Surgery, nonsurgical procedures are up from 2011 by 44%. Among the most common procedures are laser skin tightening, microdermabrasion, BOTOX, and dermal fillers. Here are some anti-aging procedures you can have at the MedSpa that work.
Chemical peels are used to reduce the signs of aging through peeling away of the topmost layers of skin. There are three types of peels. Alpha hydroxyl acids (AHAs) include glycolic, fruit, and lactic acids, and they are the mild formulas that produce a light peel. Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) produces a deeper peel that requires 2-3 days of downtime. The deepest peel is a phenol peel, which removes really deep creases and wrinkles. Recovery after this peel can take 10-14 days.
This procedure requires the use of a surgical scalpel that gently shaves the skin’s surface, removing dead skin cells and fine, vellus hair (peach fuzz). This physical exfoliation process triggers the body’s cell regeneration process, so skin products will better penetrate the skin. Many practitioners recommend a chemical peel following dermaplaning.
Known as botulinum toxin type A, BOTOX is an injectable agent that disrupts release of acetylcholine, a substance that makes muscle contractions. Without acetylcholine, the muscles remain smooth and without wrinkling. The doctor injections the BOTOX solution into the muscles around the eyes and of the forehead.
Fraxel is a type of laser treatment that uses very tiny beams (fractionated) to punch microscopic holes in the skin. This means that the damaged tissue is targeted, and healthy tissue remains unscathed. For best results, you need 3-5 treatments scheduled 2 weeks apart.
Intense Pulsed Light
Not a laser per se, intense pulsed light (IPL) uses broad-spectrum pulses of light that are absorbed deep into the skin. IPL pulses eliminate excessive and/or enlarged blood vessels and brown spots, removing targeted tissue and sparing surrounding normal tissue. This procedure is best for sun damage, rosacea, and fine wrinkles. It may take more than one treatment for optimal results.
A procedure called the lunchtime peel can remove the top layer of dead skin cells (epidermis) while preserving the thick layers of dermis below. Called microdermabrasion, this procedure uses a professional machine with diamond encrusted tips. The wand is moved over the skin, and the rough, diamond tip sloughs off the skin cells. Suction is used to facilitate the removal of the skin cells, and this procedure is good for mild sun damage and fine lines. For best results, you need a weekly treatment for 4-6 weeks.
Also called dermarolling, micro-needling is a collagen induction therapy that involves use of fine needles that prick the skin. The device is rolled or moved across the skin, and tiny 0.25-0.1 mm needles penetrate the skin like a pin prick. Most devices deliver 300 perforations per square centimeter of treated skin. Skin specialists recommend a micro-needling treatment once every 4-6 weeks.
HydraFacial exfoliates the skin while simultaneously providing hydration. The treatment is painless, and after only 15 minutes, offers immediate, visible results. Designed for all skin types, the HydraFacial employs two processes of exfoliation: a mild pneumatic chemical peel and a gently form of microdermabrasion. The hydration solution contains water infused with vitamins and antioxidants.
Light Emitting Diode
Light emitting diode (LED) uses a low-level power output of red visible light and infra-red (invisible) light. Much gentler than IPL, LED works by stimulating the body tissue to convert light into cellular energy. This energy boosts collagen production and scavenger cells that remove scar tissue or excess pigmentation. The light strips way tiny water molecules on elastin, thus reducing facial wrinkles.
American Society of Aesthetics Plastic Surgery (2015).ASAPS Quick Facts. Retrieved from: surgery.org/media/statistics.